June 9th 2019 marks World Accreditation Day (#WAD2019), a global initiative established by ILAC and IAF to promote the value of accreditation. This year’s theme focuses on HOW ACCREDITATION ADDS VALUE TO SUPPLY CHAINS.
The Chairs of both organisations have released a joint statement to introduce the importance of the theme and how accreditation can support government, regulators and businesses by providing widely accepted tools that help deliver value to supply chains.
The Role of Accreditation:
Accreditation determines the technical competence, integrity and impartiality of organizations providing conformity assessment services such as testing, calibration, certification, and inspection. Accreditation, underpinned by internationally agreed standards, adds value to supply chains as businesses seek to maximize value and satisfy contractual terms, while maintaining a level of confidence that products meet technical specifications and are safe to use. 80% of trade involves elements of testing, calibration, inspection and certification activities, collectively known as conformity assessment (Source: OECD). Accreditation is the independent evaluation of these conformity assessment bodies against recognized standards to ensure their impartiality, competence and consistency. Accreditation, therefore, plays an important role in reducing the costs of trade and doing business, enhancing technology transfer, and increasing investment. It also enables businesses to integrate into global supply chains, as they can demonstrate product quality through a common “technical language” needed to establish trust between business partners. (Source: The World Bank). A report, produced by the World Trade Organization Economic Research and Statistics Division, stated that the inappropriate use of conformity assessment accounts for 10% of Specific Trade Concerns (STCs). Accreditation provides an opportunity to address this issue.
What are the Issues:
– Although businesses have been producing items with goods sourced from around the world for many years, supply chains are now significantly more complex in terms of the speed, scale, depth, and breadth of global interactions;
– The global nature of supply chains and retail markets means that businesses have to operate in multiple and often differing regulatory environments;
– Determining the quality, authenticity and traceability of raw materials or components requires credible and trustworthy information;
– As innovation accelerates and the lifecycle of products shortens, markets become more unpredictable and exert increased pressure on supply chains;
– Businesses need to manage their exposure to risk or disruption from data security breaches or system failures;
– Effective selection of sustainable suppliers not just in terms of financial stability, but also Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) performance and ethical practices. Product supply chains are increasingly globalized and complex as companies seek to optimize costs while retaining flexibility. Supply chains that stretch across multiple countries and sites pose major challenges in terms of quality, compliance with regulations and standards relating to safety, as well as environmental and social responsibility. Procurement is often responsible for up to 70% of companies’ expenditure (Source: The Chartered Institute of Procurement and Supply), and so any disruption could affect profitability, brand reputation and customer loyalty.
In recent years, there has been a growing trend towards greater recognition of accreditation and the acceptance of the arrangements by governments and regulators. For example, recent European Union (EU) trade agreements signed with Japan, Canada, Switzerland, and Tunisia cite the use of accredited conformity assessment to ensure harmonized free trade. The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) operates a single Market Regulatory System referencing accreditation as an essential tool for the implementation of the regulatory system and is used in all regulations to assure the competence of notified bodies. APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) endorses accreditation to underpin the conformity assessment component of the APEC agreements. ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) has included accreditation in the ASEAN sectoral MRA for electrical and electronic equipment as a means of demonstrating the specified requirements are met. The mainstream acceptance of accreditation by both pan-regional bodies and domestic regulators within individual governments also helps WTO member governments to meet their responsibilities under the Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement and the Sanitary and Phyto-sanitary Measures Agreement. The use of accreditation is also recognised in other quarters. In the UK, the Institute of Directors recognises accredited certification to ISO 9001 as a measure in their annual Good Governance report, as does the Global Innovation Index, which rates economies on their performance. A recent report published by AIRMIC, the Association of Risk Managers, recognised the value of accreditation as a tool to price risk.
Accreditation Services: Adding Value to Supply Chains
Accreditation operates across all sector supply chains ranging from healthcare and medical devices, construction, energy, clothing and textiles, toys and electronics, IT and communications, to food safety and water supply. Accreditation offers a range of services that can add value and manage the potential risks in supply chains through the assessment of certification, inspection, testing, and calibration services. By demonstrating the competence, impartiality, and capability of these organizations, it underpins the credibility of goods and services, allowing procurement and supply chain managers to better manage their risks.
Accreditation provides a globally-recognized tool to not only assess and control risks of the internal operation of businesses, but also the products and services that they place on the market. In this way, Regulators, purchasers and employees can demonstrate confidence that accreditation delivers a safer world.
Reference: “Corruption (from the Latin. Corrumpere” corrupt “, Latin. Corruptio” bribery, corruption; damage, decomposition; corruption “) – a term denoting usually the use by an official of his authority and the rights entrusted to him status of authority, opportunity, connections for personal gain, contrary to law and moral standards. Corruption is also called bribing officials, their venality, tardiness.
A characteristic sign of corruption is the conflict between the actions of an official and the interests of his employer or the conflict between the actions of an elected person and the interests of society. Many types of corruption are similar to fraud committed by an official, and belong to the category of crimes against state power.
Any official with discretionary power (authorized to act within the law at his discretion) in the sphere of distribution of any resources not belonging to him at his discretion (official, deputy, judge, law enforcement officer, administrator, etc.) may be subject to corruption). The main incentive for corruption is the possibility of obtaining economic profit (rent) associated with the use of power, and the main deterrent is the risk of exposure and punishment. ”
According to the Fair Taxation Network (an independent association that fights tax evasion practices), unscrupulous businessmen who collaborate with corrupt officials have appropriated 30 trillion dollars over the past 15 years. This is half the annual GDP of the whole world.
From China in the period from 2000 to 2011, about 4 trillion dollars disappeared. In Russia, this figure is about 1 trillion dollars. In the European Union (in all countries together) – 1.2 trillion dollars. This was mainly due to corruption
and sending finance to secret offshore repositories. Thus, we can say that corruption is the scourge of the economy and the government of international scale.
Corruption is one of the main threats to the security of the state, and in what form it would not manifest itself, at what level of power – it creates enormous problems in the development of the state, creates a negative image of the country in foreign economic relations and impedes economic growth. Corruption breeds citizens’ distrust of government and impedes government transparency.
Since 2005, the Republic of Uzbekistan has been a member of the EAG – The Eurasian group on combating money laundering and financing of terrorism, which in turn is a regional body of the FATF – The Financial Action Task Force.
Reference: The main purpose of the EAG is to ensure effective cooperation and cooperation at the regional level and the integration of the EAG member states into the international system of countering the legalization (laundering) of criminal proceeds and the financing of terrorism in accordance with the FATF Recommendations and standards to counter the legalization (laundering) of criminal proceeds and the financing of terrorism other international organizations whose members are EAG member states.
The main directions of the state policy in the field of combating corruption of the Republic of Uzbekistan are:
- raising the legal awareness and legal culture of the population, forming an intolerant attitude towards corruption in society;
- implementation of measures to prevent corruption in all spheres of the life of the state and society;
- timely detection, suppression of corruption offenses, elimination of their consequences, causes and conditions contributing to them, ensuring the principle of the inevitability of responsibility for the commission of corruption offenses.
In order to counteract corruption, state bodies and other organizations are taking the necessary measures to raise legal awareness and legal culture of the population, to form an intolerant attitude towards corruption in society, including through outreach, organizing legal education and training, scientific and practical activities, and -methodical and scientific literature on anti-corruption issues.
The Center for Accreditation carries out constant anti-corruption work in the field of accreditation, systematic actions are being carried out to ensure the competence, independence and impartiality of inspection and certification bodies and laboratories, which helps create equal conditions for doing business and prevent unfair competition , checks are carried out to ensure the absence of a conflict of interest; Denia of the Law “On Combating Corruption”.
The fight against corruption should not only be a matter of law enforcement agencies, every responsible, conscious citizen can help this fight and his state. In case of a collision with the manifestation of corruption in the field of accreditation, we kindly ask you to call the helpline of the Center for Accreditation +998 (71) 280-68-78 , and you can be sure that every fact of appeal will be carried out complete, objective and timely consideration with the further implementation of the necessary measures to combat corruption.
We live in the world where new businesses are forming every day, new industries, new companies providing services that produce new products, and more simply, producers of products and services.
How can a consumer do not make a mistake in choosing the right product, and most importantly, a safe and high-quality product or service, among all this diversity?
On the other hand, how does a new company stand out among others? Prove that your services or products are really high quality and worth the money?
For the manufacturer, the answer seems obvious – you need to certify your products or services, undergo the necessary inspection, quality control and get a long-awaited certificate that is a guarantor of product quality.
However, in this place of our reasoning, you can ask an unexpected question – is the certificate a confirmation that the product or service is of good quality? An incredulous buyer might think: “What if this certificate is just a piece of colored paper? They paid someone, this piece of paper and issued, and did not check anything at all, did not inspect. ”
In addition, you will be surprised how many such inspection and inspection bodies actually exist, because the areas in which certification is carried out are also numerous. How to determine that the inspection body itself is trustworthy and the certificates issued to them are a guarantee of quality?
There is only one answer to this question – the aforementioned body is undergoing the ACCREDITATION procedure, it is issued an official confirmation of its competence, which guarantees the quality of its services and the services of its customers, the very producers of products and services.
The logical question – who is accredited by the bodies that check the quality of products and services in Uzbekistan – checks their competence, impartiality and the quality of their work? We can safely answer – a single center for accreditation. It is not for nothing that we singled out the word “ one ”, only this Center deals with the assessment of the bodies that check quality, it is they who determine the compliance with the requirements and the good faith of the issuing authority.
The accreditation center was established in order to further improve the accreditation system of conformity assessment bodies, create conditions for the production of export-oriented and competitive goods, works (services), and protect the country’s consumer market from poor quality products.
So now we can answer the first and main question of our article – the quality of what kind of products or services the consumer can safely trust? These are the products and services that are certified by an organization accredited by the Center.