Reference: “Corruption (from the Latin. Corrumpere” corrupt “, Latin. Corruptio” bribery, corruption; damage, decomposition; corruption “) – a term denoting usually the use by an official of his authority and the rights entrusted to him status of authority, opportunity, connections for personal gain, contrary to law and moral standards. Corruption is also called bribing officials, their venality, tardiness.
A characteristic sign of corruption is the conflict between the actions of an official and the interests of his employer or the conflict between the actions of an elected person and the interests of society. Many types of corruption are similar to fraud committed by an official, and belong to the category of crimes against state power.
Any official with discretionary power (authorized to act within the law at his discretion) in the sphere of distribution of any resources not belonging to him at his discretion (official, deputy, judge, law enforcement officer, administrator, etc.) may be subject to corruption). The main incentive for corruption is the possibility of obtaining economic profit (rent) associated with the use of power, and the main deterrent is the risk of exposure and punishment. ”
According to the Fair Taxation Network (an independent association that fights tax evasion practices), unscrupulous businessmen who collaborate with corrupt officials have appropriated 30 trillion dollars over the past 15 years. This is half the annual GDP of the whole world.
From China in the period from 2000 to 2011, about 4 trillion dollars disappeared. In Russia, this figure is about 1 trillion dollars. In the European Union (in all countries together) – 1.2 trillion dollars. This was mainly due to corruption
and sending finance to secret offshore repositories. Thus, we can say that corruption is the scourge of the economy and the government of international scale.
Corruption is one of the main threats to the security of the state, and in what form it would not manifest itself, at what level of power – it creates enormous problems in the development of the state, creates a negative image of the country in foreign economic relations and impedes economic growth. Corruption breeds citizens’ distrust of government and impedes government transparency.
Since 2005, the Republic of Uzbekistan has been a member of the EAG – The Eurasian group on combating money laundering and financing of terrorism, which in turn is a regional body of the FATF – The Financial Action Task Force.
Reference: The main purpose of the EAG is to ensure effective cooperation and cooperation at the regional level and the integration of the EAG member states into the international system of countering the legalization (laundering) of criminal proceeds and the financing of terrorism in accordance with the FATF Recommendations and standards to counter the legalization (laundering) of criminal proceeds and the financing of terrorism other international organizations whose members are EAG member states.
The main directions of the state policy in the field of combating corruption of the Republic of Uzbekistan are:
- raising the legal awareness and legal culture of the population, forming an intolerant attitude towards corruption in society;
- implementation of measures to prevent corruption in all spheres of the life of the state and society;
- timely detection, suppression of corruption offenses, elimination of their consequences, causes and conditions contributing to them, ensuring the principle of the inevitability of responsibility for the commission of corruption offenses.
In order to counteract corruption, state bodies and other organizations are taking the necessary measures to raise legal awareness and legal culture of the population, to form an intolerant attitude towards corruption in society, including through outreach, organizing legal education and training, scientific and practical activities, and -methodical and scientific literature on anti-corruption issues.
The Center for Accreditation carries out constant anti-corruption work in the field of accreditation, systematic actions are being carried out to ensure the competence, independence and impartiality of inspection and certification bodies and laboratories, which helps create equal conditions for doing business and prevent unfair competition , checks are carried out to ensure the absence of a conflict of interest; Denia of the Law “On Combating Corruption”.
The fight against corruption should not only be a matter of law enforcement agencies, every responsible, conscious citizen can help this fight and his state. In case of a collision with the manifestation of corruption in the field of accreditation, we kindly ask you to call the helpline of the Center for Accreditation +998 (71) 280-68-78 , and you can be sure that every fact of appeal will be carried out complete, objective and timely consideration with the further implementation of the necessary measures to combat corruption.